Phase Shift Full-Bridge Modulation
The Phase Shift Full Bridge (PSFB) with an external inductor (Lr) and two clamping diodes (Figure1) is a very common topology for high power applications. The behavior of the topology changes depending on the operation mode. The key aspect is the location of the external inductor. When the lagging leg is connected to the external inductor, the load range of ZVS is wider. On the other hand, with this configuration, the losses for conduction in the clamping diodes are increased.
Comparison between the two operation modes
The following figures describe both possibilities of leading and lagging leg:
In the operation mode, A Leg B is working as Lagging Leg.
Figure 2. Operation Mode A. Figure3. Operation Mode B.
In operation mode B, Leg A is working as Lagging Leg and interval C shows the main differences. The current through the inductance and the transformer are different which affects the energy stored for achieving ZVS.
Figure3. Operation Mode B.
Operation mode B increases significantly conduction losses for in the diodes. It is possible that the diodes used in operation mode A, are not adequate in terms of current for mode B. In order to choose the best operation mode in each application, a trade-off between losses in clamping diodes and losses by commutation has to be achieved.
To demonstrate the analysis, a 270/48 V, 100 kHz, 600 W prototype of a PSFB has been built. In Figure 4 is appreciated that Mode B presents better performance and low and medium power levels, with similar values at maximum power.
Figure 4. Experimental results.
An analysis of two operation modes of the PSFB depending on the location of the external inductor is presented. It is determined the energy available for the commutations, especially for the lagging leg, which is the most complicated to achieve ZVS under medium load conditions. In the analysis is shown that the energy available for the commutations in the lagging leg in operation mode A is lower than the energy in operation mode B. In addition, a design guideline is presented. The experimental results for the prototype built shown that in mode B the efficiency is better at medium load.